Daffodils in the sunshine.

Daffodils in the sunshine.

Following a very wet, but mild winter, we’re starting to see signs of Spring around the farm. The February half term holidays saw some lovely weather, with Saturday being especially bright and sunny. The rising temperatures and lengthening days have brought many trees and bulbs into flower across the farm, creating a fantastic display of blooms in all shapes, colours and sizes.

Blossom and bird boxes. Many birds can be spotted gathering nesting material, while others are already raising young.

Blossom and bird boxes. Many birds can be spotted gathering nesting material, while others are already raising young.

We’ve spotted wood pigeons and squirrels eating cherry blossoms as well as pollinators taking advantage of the nectar-rich spring flowers. Bumblebees and hoverflies have been visiting the crocuses and butterflies should be taking advantage of some of these nectar sources soon too. You may also notice nesting birds at this time of year. Magpies can be seen conspicuously carrying nesting material and other species may already be taking advantage of the warm temperatures to get an early start on raising their young. Keep an eye out for adult birds carrying food in their beaks, a clue that there may be little mouths to feed in the nest!


Ice and snow

Ice and snow on spring foliage.

As we approach the end of March, it is still feeling rather wintry. Snow and ice remain on the ground, despite the arrival of spring. With freezing temperatures and more snow predicted, we can only hope for warmer, more season typical temperatures in the coming month. The cold weather has meant that we have not seen too many developments from last month, but if you look carefully, there are certainly a few more signs that spring is on its way. All around the farm, daffodils have come into flower and in the past week we’ve spotted frogspawn on the ponds, despite the freezing temperatures.

We are also starting to see a change in bird life as winter migrants such as redwings and fieldfares begin to leave the UK to return further North, and birds who have wintered further South such as chiffchaffs, blackcaps and whitethroats are returning to the UK after a winter spent enjoying the warmer climates of Southern Europe and Africa. For many birds, nest building is well underway, timed for baby birds to hatch as spring brings new foliage and insects (a protein rich, baby bird food). As you walk through the farm, you may notice more birds singing as they defend their territories and spot adult birds of all species carrying nesting materials in their beaks as they construct their nests. The number and variety of birds singing will be increasing over April as more migrant birds return to breed in Britain and we are approaching the best time of year to listen in on this incredible chorus. Join us next month for a May dawn chorus walk to discover more about the birds breeding here at Mudchute (details coming soon).

As temperatures rise, keep an eye out for more early spring flowers making their debut, including bluebells towards the end of April and the delicate white flowers of cow parsley. With these flowers come pollinators in the form of butterflies, flies and bees, who will be busy taking advantage of these early flowers on warm days. See more photos of what to watch this April on the next page.

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Last month we saw some spring-like weather followed by more frosts and snow. As we move into March, it is certainly starting to feel a bit more like spring. Mudchute is looking much greener and we have been watching the first flowers of the season. Cherries, plums and their relatives are bursting into blossom and bulbs including snowdrops, daffodils and crocuses are breaking free from the once frozen ground with their flowers and foliage. Animals who hibernated through the winter are beginning to stir as well.

On warm days, butterflies and bees can be spotted taking advantage of the early blooms. We haven’t spotted any amphibians yet, but frogs, toads and newts will soon be making their way to our ponds to spawn, and they aren’t the only ones that will have mating in mind. For many local bird species it is time to start planning for the upcoming breeding season. The mornings are increasingly filled with song as blue tits, great tits, robins, thrushes and other songbirds establish their territories, fend off rivals, attract mates and explore prospective nest sites (we hope a few will move into the lovely new bird boxes that have gone up around the park and farm!). More photos of some of these early blooms and greenery in the gallery on the next page.

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